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Sir Henry Fermor Church of England Primary School

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Sir Henry Fermor

Church of England Primary School

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Phonics

What is Phonics?

Phonics is the teaching of the sounds letters make, both individually and in groups. Phonics is a powerful teaching tool as it enables children to decode letters into their respective sounds and blend these back together to read unfamiliar words by themselves. By teaching children phonics, we are arming them with the skills they need to read many unknown words independently.

 

At Sir Henry Fermor Primary School there is a rigorous programme of synthetic phonics teaching across the school. We follow the letters and sounds scheme and use resources such as Phonics Play and Espresso to support the children’s learning. Phonics is taught discretely for a minimum of 20 minutes a day across the Foundation Stage and Key Stage One. At Sir Henry Fermor we believe that phonics should be taught as a whole class, with interventions taking place to support those children who need further support. Phonics is fast paced, teaching a new sound each day, and ensures that our children learn in a fun, engaging, practical and interactive way.

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Picture 2

Ideal trajectory to secure phase 5 by the end of Year 1

Autumn

Reception

Phase 1/2

Spring

Reception

Phase 3

Summer

Reception

Phase 3/4

Autumn 1

Year 1

 

Ongoing phase 1

Up-Down Arrow: Ongoing phase 1Phase 4

 

Phase 5: further graphemes for reading

Autumn 2

Year 1

Phase 4

Phase 5: Alternative pronunciations of graphemes

Spring

Year 1

 

Ongoing phase 1

Up-Down Arrow: Ongoing phase 1Phase 4

 

Phase 5: Spelling

Summer

Year 1

Phase 4

Phase 5: Spelling

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Picture 2
Picture 3

During Year 2, the children develop their understanding of the phonics already taught and their understanding of other spelling patterns. They learn about homophones, compound words and contractions.

Alongside this they learn to instantly recognise by sight the most common words in the English language. Many of these words are not phonically regular and it is important that they develop automation in their sight vocabulary.

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